The COVID-19 pandemic has created very difficult situations for many people. In the context of landlord/tenant relationships, it has created significant concerns among both landlords and tenants about what their rights are.
Before the pandemic and emergency orders, evictions were conducted through the process outlined in RSA 540. While this process is still the law of New Hampshire, it has been modified significantly by Governor Sununu’s emergency orders. The first modification was Emergency Order #4 (found here: https://www.governor.nh.gov/sites/g/files/ehbemt336/files/documents/emergency-order-4.pdf). This provides that any attempt to begin or prosecute eviction actions would likely be deemed a violation of RSA 540-A, New Hampshire’s prohibited practices statute for landlord/tenant relationships. These violations could result in a fine of $1,000, attorney’s fees, and double or treble damages. This was designed to protect those who have lost jobs and cannot afford to pay their rent.
Like most rules, there are exceptions. The Governor issued Emergency Order #24 (found here: https://www.governor.nh.gov/sites/g/files/ehbemt336/files/documents/emergency-order-24.pdf), which modified the above emergency order #4. This allowed evictions to proceed where there are lease violations that cause substantial damage, or substantially adversely affect the safety of other persons in the residence. It also allows evictions to proceed where the tenant has abandoned the property.
While it is unknown how long the emergency orders will remain in effect, it is important to seek the assistance of a legal professional if you find yourself either facing an eviction, or if you are a landlord with a tenant that has caused distress or is simply not paying rent.